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Basic Desktop Computer Components

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Are you looking to purchase a desktop computer?  Are you unsure about all of the desktop computer jargon you hear?  Are you worried that you won’t be able to select the right kind of desktop computer because you don’t understand the importance of all the different desktop computer components?  No need to worry—by reviewing some of the essential desktop computer components, you will empower yourself with the ability to make a wise purchase when you buy a desktop computer!

So, how many desktop computer components are there?  Well, there are fourteen essential desktop computer components that help the typical desktop computer function.  Plus, you will find that understanding the various types of ports available will help you determine what kind of accessories your desktop computer requires to function the way you desire.

The fourteen essential desktop computer components include the CD ROM and DVD Drives, the CPU cooler, the fan, the floppy disks drives, the hard drive, the modem, motherboard, network card, the power supply, the processor, the sound cards, the speakers, and the video card.  Further, each of the fourteen desktop computer components plays an important role in the functionality of any desktop computer you purchase.  In fact, if your computer is lacking certain desktop computer components, it won’t work at all!  Let’s take a closer look at each of the desktop computer components individually.

The CD ROM and DVD Drives of your desktop computer are input/output devices that allow you to read as well as save information on compact discs.  At one time such a feature was completely unneeded for a desktop computer to function.  However, as technology advances, more and more desktop computers are relying on computer applications that are installed from CDs.  Thus, today, at minimum a CD ROM is needed on your desktop to save files and to install computer software applications.  A DVD drive, however, is not needed, but is a nice accessory to have.

The CPU cooler or the Central Processing Unit cooler, does just what is says—cools the central processing unit of a desktop computer.  A desktop computer cannot function without one.  Likewise, a desktop computer tower possesses a fan that keeps all of the electronic parts from overheating while your desktop computer is in use.

With the use of CD ROM, fewer people are relying of floppy disk drives: another input/output device.  Nevertheless, most desktop computers still possess floppy disk drives that allow you to save data on a 3 1/2 floppy disk.  Bear in mind however, that although the floppy disk drive is still a major desktop computer component, it does not store as much data as a CD does.

All desktop computers possess RAM, or random access memory.  RAM is where all of your computer programs are stored inside the tower for later use.  The more RAM your desktop computer possesses, the faster your desktop computer works.  Also, RAM determines how much storage space your personal desktop computer possesses.  Likewise, the hard drive of your desktop computer is needed for data storage over the long term. 

Video cards are an essential desktop computer component.  The video card acts as a decoder:  a video card can read information and translate it in such a way so that you are able to view images on your desktop computer screen.  Further, without a properly functioning video card, your desktop computer will not function.

The sound card and speakers, although not an imperative desktop computer component, are still some of the nicest desktop computer components to have.  With a sound card and speakers you can enhance your experiences on your desktop computer.  Many websites use sound to enhance their pages and you can download music to listen to on your desktop computer if you have such components.

Finally, network cards and modems allow you to access the Internet with your desktop computer.  Further a modem will allow you to send and receive faxes right from your desktop computer.  Therefore, today’s desktop computers have modems and network cards so that you can enjoy a complete experience when using your desktop computer!